Dharmaj Mitra
 
 
Quick Contact + 91 9446 226 611
dharmajmithra@gmail.com
Sneha, West Mundakkal, Kollam Kerala, India – 691001.
 


 


 

Home
.......................................................
Biography
.......................................................
Reserch Reviews
.......................................................
Origin of Galaxy

FOURTH LAW OF MOTION

- Click here for more -

 

Published Books
.......................................................
Service
.......................................................
Creation
 

 

 

 

RESEARCH REVIEWS

 

 

1. Fourth Law of Motion

2 . Chain Bang Theory

3 . Plate Tectonics

4 . ' Y ' Chmosome in Womens Egg ?

 

 

 

1 . FOURTH LAW OF MOTION

..................................................................................

 

 

 

DOWNLOAD PDF

 

 

 

 

 

2 . CHAIN BANG THEORY

...................................................................................

 

 

 

 

....................................................................................................................................................................

 

 

 

 

 

....................................................................................................................................................................

 

 

 

 

....................................................................................................................................................................

 

 

 

....................................................................................................................................................................

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

....................................................................................................................................................................

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

3 . PLATE TECTONICS & REALITY

.......................................................................................

 

 

 

 

 

...................................................................................................................................................................

 

 

Physicists

Rhett Herman & Tsunefumi Tanaka

- Radford University in Virginia offer this explanation

 

Every object in the universe--from a basic star to an exotic black hole--spins, and the origin of that spin can be traced back to the very beginning of time. Within instants after the Big Bang, the primordial fireball of energy expanded at an incredible speed, then later cooled and solidified into all the matter in the universe. Had this fireball been uniform in all directions, everything we see today would be completely homogeneous: There would be a perfectly uniform distribution throughout space of primordial hydrogen and helium, and cosmic microwave background radiation (CBR).
But this fireball was not perfectly uniform, as satellite observations of the CBR show. Some regions were denser than others, and some expanded more rapidly. The denser regions in the universe began to collapse under their own gravitational force, forming the clumps of matter that became giant cosmic structures. An example is the Great Attractor, a huge wall of galaxy clusters that stretches hundreds of millions of light-years across and is located nearly half a billion light-years away from us.


The spin of such cosmic objects is described by a conserved quantity called angular momentum, which accounts for both the speed of the rotating mass and its distance from the spin axis. The largest clumps of matter in the universe had an initial angular momentum--and these clumps broke up into ever smaller clumps, forming smaller clusters of galaxies, groups of galaxies, individual galaxies, solar systems within galaxies and ultimately, individual stars and planets. The smaller clumps each got their own share of the original total angular momentum, continuing down in scale so that everything today has some spin. This process is much like the continuing breakup of turbulent water, spinning off ever smaller individual vortices, each with its own characteristic angular momentum.


For example, in our own solar system, both the planets and our sun spin in the same direction because they were formed from the same primordial cloud of gas and dust. (One of the exceptions to this general trend is Uranus, which may have been knocked over onto its side by some titanic collision in its distant past.) The planets orbit the sun in the same direction in which the sun spins. So, too, moons formed at the same time as their respective planets orbit those planets in the same direction as the planet's spin.


Black holes formed after the Big Bang as stars evolved and died. And because the stars that created the black holes were originally spinning, so were their progeny. Indeed, even though stars eventually run out of nuclear fuel, they maintain their spin after death.


When stars are in the midst of their normal life cycles, their hot lower layers exert enough pressure to support the tremendous weight of their upper layers. But once stars run out of fuel and their fusion reactions end, they can no longer hold up this weight and collapse onto themselves. In the supernova explosions that precede the formation of black holes, some of the mass of the star is blown off, carrying away part of the total angular momentum of the star. The remaining matter falls towards the center of the star, spinning faster and faster as it goes. Just as a skater who brings his arms closer to his sides speeds up, so, too, a collapsing star winds itself up and spins faster when it is contracting. This acceleration enables the universe to conserve its total angular momentum; as matter falls in closer to the spin axis, it must increase in speed.


By the time this matter has fallen past the point of no return, called the event horizon, it has concentrated the angular momentum of the black hole into a very small volume, which greatly distorts the surrounding space-time. The angular momentum persists even after the matter that caused it has cut itself off from our universe, collapsing beyond the event horizon.

Presently, a team of researchers at Stanford University is designing the Gravity Probe satellite to measure the distortion of space-time due to the angular momentum of our own spinning Earth. Although the space-time distortion near Earth is exceedingly weak compared to that around a black hole, the same physics are at work. Measuring this distortion would offer further support for Einstein's Theory of General Relativity.

(www.scientificamerican.com/article/what-causes-object-such/&hl=en-in)

Image:

RENEE KRAAN-KORTEWEG, PATIRCK A. WOUDT AND PATRICIA HENNING


GREAT ATTRACTOR. The core has been identified as galaxy cluster Abell 3627, which appears both in a visible-light image (background)and in x-ray observations(contours). Such giant cosmic structures spun out from the Big Bang, retaining a part of the early universe's initial angular momentum.

 

Annexure 2

 

Europeon Science Citation Index

 

Dear Author


      IOSR Journals editorial board is happy  to inform you about  the  indexing of your  published  article in "IOSR Journal of Applied Geology and Geophysics (IOSR-JAGG)"

Your article MML (Manuscript Mapping Link) number is 0990-0303-0121

Your article has indexed in ESCI (Europian Science Citation Index).

You can check it through following link: www.esciworld.org

We will keep these type of activities for globalization of your article

 

 

 

 

 

4 . ‘Y’ Chromosome in Women’s Egg? (Hypothesis)

...............................................................

 

Introduction

NEW  STUDY SHOWS WHY X AND Y  CHROMOSOMES ALONE DON’T DETERMINE A BABY SEX
                                                                                       David Nield 18 Dec 2018
                                                                                                   Science Alert

Scientists have discovered a new genetic regulator that plays a big role in determining whether a baby is born male or female, as well as whether or not their reproductive system in likely to develop differently after birth.


In the standard course of events an embryo with two X Chromosome became a girl, while an embryo with an X and Y chromosome becomes a boy- but the new gene and the genes it relates  to can interfere with that process.


And the findings could also gives us insight into what used to be known as Junk DNA: The part of our genetic coding that don’t  actually hold any gene, but do contain regulators that have an impact on gene activity, more correctly referred to as non coding DNA.


The Y chromosome carries a critical gene called SRY, which acts on another gene, called soX9 to start the development of testise in the embryo. High level of the Sox9 gene are needed for normal testies development, says one of the researchers, Brittany croft from the Murdoth Children Research institute (MCRI) in Australia.


However, if there is some disruption to sox9 activity and only low levels are present, a testies will not develop resulting in a baby with a disorder of sex development.


These disorders of sex development (DSD) while considered a controversial and unhelpful medical lebal for people who are simply intersex are what the name suggests conditions where the reproductive organs or genitals don’t develop in a typical manner, leading to a mix of male and female characteristics.
The causes of these various intersex conditions aren’t very well  understood- something the new research should help with and they affect around I in 4500-5500 people (through  precise figures are hard to come by)


Based on an analysis of 44 people with such traights, the researches indentified three enhancers in the non coding DNA that controlled SOX9 levels with the sample, two people with XX Chromosomes and extra copies of the enhancers ( so high level of SoX9) developed testies instead of overies. The study also found two people with XY Chromosomes and a lack of these enhancers  (low SoX9 levels) who developed ovaries instead of testies.


These enhancers lie on the DNA but outside genes, in regions previously referred to as junk DNA or dark matter, stays one of the team, Andrew Sinclair from the MCRI.  The key to diagnosing many  disorders may be found in these enhancers which hide in the poorly understand dark matter of our DNA.
At the moment these nonbonding DNA regions are excluded when researches are screening for genetic causes of intersex traits something that may change.


And with around a million enhancers controlling about 22000 genes in the human genome, there in plenty of potential for future exploration of how enhancers interact with our genetic coding- including we are born.
This study in significant because in the past researchers have only looked at genes to diagnose these patients, but we have shown you need to look outside the gene to the enhances  says corft.
.    The research has been published in Nature Communications.


Genetials make new discovery about how a babies sex determined: Science Daily.

www.New study shows why X Chromosome alone don't determine a baby sex

 

https://www.sciencealert.com/a-baby-s-sex-is-about-more-than-just-its-x-and-y-chromosomes-new-research-reveals
                                                

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Sis

2020@www.dhamajmtracom All rights reserved.